OUR THIRD EYE: THE GUIDE DOGS
According to research, the human eye is capable of distinguishing 16 million colors.
In order to distinguish these colors and perceive objects emphasized by colors, the eye needs only one thing: light.
This light, which will illuminate and color the lives of those who have lost their sight for dozens of different reasons, may be four-legged.
Four-legged lights, golden retriever and labrador breeds are selected as "guide dogs". A guide dog is a great helper. Guide dog is a training dog, its main purpose is to help people. Guide dogs provide the most useful support and help visually impaired people.
Guide dog training has 3 stages.These can be listed as breeding new dogs by breeding suitable breeds based on previous knowledge of dogs, raising a puppy and training the dog by a guide dog trainer. In the first stage, these special breed dogs with urea are given to families who want to raise puppies after separating from their mothers of six to eight weeks. In the second stage, dogs spend between two and eighteen months with these families. During this one and a half years as a puppy, the guide family prepares the puppy to be fed for the next training phase. In this process, the dog's obedience to simple orders and the training that will become accustomed to all kinds of environments is the basis. At this stage, the family takes these puppies with them to all kinds of environments in order to work without getting distracted and to listen to the owner's orders.
These families are ordinary families that do not have such special knowledge about dog breeding. All training materials are provided by the guide dog school. Every few months, guide dog trainers come and follow the training process of the guide dog candidate. Dogs that cannot successfully complete this stage are discontinued before proceeding to the next stage. During this time-consuming phase, the family teaches the dog to obey orders such as "sit down", "lie down" and "walk on the sidewalk". Dogs become familiar with noise, bad weather and crowds. This is an essential condition for them to be able to guide in any environment without being distracted. Dogs that have successfully completed the second stage receive another three to four months of training in dog trainers and guide dog schools as the final stage of training. At this stage, these dogs, which are trained for long hours every day, are taught the following skills:
To guide the owners to travel without obstacles,
- Learning to avoid distractions (like cat, food)
-To guide the owners in all kinds of environments (such as bar, night club, bus, supermarket),
-Guiding them to walk from the other side by recognizing the places their owners cannot cross or the obstacles they will hit their heads
-Stopping at the stairs, at the end of the stairs and where the pavement ends, until you hear the "walk" or "forward" command,
-Directing the right owner to the elevator,
-Waiting in silence while the owners sit,
-To act according to different orders (like right, left, forward).
Editor: Melisa Atak